A Chronology of the Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus

I. Journey to the Cross

A. Abuse by soldiers concluded and Jesus re-clothed and forced to carry His cross toward Golgotha [Mt 27:31-32; Mk15:20; Jn 19:17]

B. Simon of Cyrene forced to carry Jesus' cross [Lk 23:26; Mk15:21 Mt 27:32]

C. Jesus preaches to women who follow Him mourning [Lk 23:27-32]

D. Arrival at Golgotha ("place of the skull") [Mt 27:33; Mk 15:22; Lk 23:33]

E. Jesus refuses the sedating wine [Mt 27:34; Mk 15:23]

 

II. The First Three Hours of His Crucifixion [9:00 AM - Noon Friday]

A. Jesus nailed to a cross set between two criminals [Lk 23:33b; Jn 19:18] SAYING: "Father, forgive them for they do not know what they are doing." [Lk 23:34]

C. His clothes divided among Roman soldiers [Mt 27:35-36; Mk 15:24; Lk 23:34b; Jn 19:20-23]

D. Note about Pilate's tri-lingual sign over cross: "King of the Jews" [Mt 27:37-38; Mk 15:25-28; Lk 23:38; Jn 19:19-22]

E. Mocking while on the cross: Passersby: "Destroy temple? Save yourself!" RL: "Saved others? Cannot save self! Come down!" Soldiers: "King of Jews? Save yourself! Robbers: "You are the Christ? Save us and you!" [Mt 27:39-44; Mk15:29-32; Lk 23:35-37]

F. Later repentance and salvation of one robber [Lk 23:39-43] SAYING: "Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise."

G. Care for His mother entrusted to John [Jn 19:25-27] SAYING: "Woman, behold your son! Behold your mother!"

 

III. The Final Three Hours on the Cross [Noon - 3:00 PM Friday]

A. Supernatural darkness falls over the land (apparently instills silence into the scene for the three hours) [Mt 27:45; Mk 15:33; Lk 23:44-45]

B. SAYING (near end of three hours): "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" [Mt 27:46; Mk 15:34]

C. SAYING: "I am thirsty." [Jn 19:28]

D. Jesus drinks sour wine (different from drugged wine offered earlier) [Mt 27:47-49; Mk 15:35-36; Jn 19:29-30]

E. SAYING: "It is finished." [Jn 19:30b]

F. SAYING: (with a loud voice) "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!" [Mt 27:50; Mk 15:37; Lk 23:46]

G. Jesus gives up His spirit and dies. [Mt 27:50; Mk 15:37; Lk 23:46; Jn 19:30c]

 

IV: Reactions to Jesus' Death

A. Physical: earthquake, veil torn, tombs opened. [Mt 27:51-53; Mk 15:38; Lk 23:45]

B. Personal: Centurion: "Truly this was the Son of God!" Crowds: feel remorse. Disciples and women followers: look on. [Mt 27:54-56; Mk 15:39-41; Lk 23:47-49]

 

V. Burial of Jesus' Body (between 3:00 - 6:00PM Friday)

A. Death confirmed by spear in side of lifeless body still on cross [Jn 19:31-37]

B. Joseph of Arimathea procures body of Jesus from Pilate [Mt 27:57-58; Mk 15:42-45; Lk 23:50-52]

C. Nicodemus assists Joseph in placing body in tomb [Jn 19:39] (done by 6:00PM Sabbath start)

D. Women watch where Jesus is placed [Mt 27:61; Mk 15:47; Lk 23:55-56]

E. RL set guard over tomb to ensure no body-snatching [Mt27:62-66]


The Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus

 

I. The Empty Tomb is Discovered (early Sunday morning - crack of dawn)

A. Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Salome gather spices for burial and approach tomb [Mt 28:1; Mk 16:1]

B. An angel rolls away the stone from tomb entrance and sits on it - guards freeze like corpses! [Mt 28:2-4]

C. Women reach tomb at daybreak to find stone rolled away [Mk 16:2-4; Lk 24:1-2; Jn 20:1]

D. Angels tell women "He is risen" and command them to inform disciples [Mt 28:5-8; Mk 16:5-8; Lk 24:3-8]

E. Women tell 11 disciples of empty tomb and angelic message [Lk 24:9-12; Jn 20:2]

F. Mary Magdalene returns to empty tomb with Peter and John - Peter and John return home and leave Mary weeping in garden [Jn 20:3-10]

 

II. The Resurrection Day Appearances of Jesus (during Sunday)

A. Jesus appears to Mary (not the gardener!) [Jn 20:11-18]

B. Jesus appears to the other women [Mt 28:9-10]

C. Temple guard inform RL of angel and empty tomb, then are paid off to keep quiet about it [Mt 28:11-15]

D. Jesus appears to Cleopas and companion on road to Emmaus [Lk 24:13-22] (late afternoon)

E. Jesus appears to Peter [Lk 24:34; 1 Cor 15:5a]

F. Cleopas and companion meet with most of the other disciples and Jesus appears to them behind locked doors [Lk 24:36-43; Jn 20:19-23] (evening)

G. Thomas does not believe they have seen Jesus [Jn 20:24-25]

 

III. Post-Resurrection Appearances of Jesus (during 40 day period after Resurrection)

A. One week after resurrection day to Thomas and 10 other disciples; again behind locked doors [Jn 20:26-31; 1 Cor 15:5b]

B. To 7 of His disciples in Galilee an unknown number of days afterwards ("Peter, do you love Me?") [Jn 21:1-25]

C. To the 11 on a mountain in Galilee (Great Commission) [Mt 28:16-20]

D. To 500 disciples at one time [1 Cor 15:6]

E. To His "brother" James [1 Cor 15:7]

F. Various other meetings with the 11 during the 40 day period after the Resurrection [Lk 24:44-49; Acts 1:3-8]

 

IV. The Ascension of Jesus (40th day after Resurrection)

A. Jesus leads 11 out to Mt of Olives (near Bethany) [Lk 24:50]

B. Jesus blesses 11 [Lk 24:51]

C. Jesus is lifted up into sky until "received" into cloud and disappears [Lk 24:51; Acts 1:9]

D. Two angels tell 11 to stop staring and start waiting for Jesus to return the same way He ascended [Acts 1:10-11]

E. 11 return to Jerusalem "with great joy... praising God... devoting themselves to prayer..." [Lk 24:52-53; Acts 1:12f]

 

V. The Coming of the Holy Spirit (Pentecost - 50 Days after Passover {i.e. Jesus' death})

A. 11 and "the women" and Jesus' mother (Mary) praying in Jerusalem [Acts 1:12-14]

B. Matthias chosen to replace Judas Iscariot who hanged himself [Acts 1:15-26]

C. 12 in one place on Day of Pentecost and Holy Spirit comes [Acts 2:1-13]

D. Peter preaches, revival occurs and the church begins to grow! [Acts 2:14-47]

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